Hall 7 - BOARD 17

FOREIGN MISSIONS 2

American mission

AMERICAN PUBLIC was well informed about the circumstances in Serbia, thanks to the involvement of Mihajlo Pupin, a professor at Columbia University and Mrs. Mabel Dunlop Gordon Grujić, wife of the Assistant to Foreign Minister Slavko Grujić.

In August 1914, the American Red Cross started to recruit physicians. In September the first American Mission of the Red Cross, with the head, young but experienced surgeon Edward Ryan, boarded the Union and set off, well equipped, for Belgrade. Dr. Samuel Albert Cook and Dr. Barton Cookingham came to Valjevo through the American Red Cross on 1 January 1915.

Dr Samuel Albert Cook (Dr Samuel Albert Cook) (1878-1915), came with the doctors of the American Red Cross Mission in Serbia. In Valjevo, he performed vaccination of Serbian army against typhoid. When the vaccine was at an end, he did not want to protect himself from the disease in favour of the soldiers. He died in Valjevo on 10 February 1915, waiting for a new shipment of vaccine from the United States, hoping to be saved. He was buried in the cemetery on Vidrak Hill, where the American Red Cross erected a monument with the inscription: "There cannot be more sacrifices but when a man lay down his life for his friends".

Dr Barton Cookingham (1888-1968), arrived in Valjevo few days before the death of Dr. Cook, contracted typhus but managed to survive.

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France mission

LARGE- SCALE HELP FROM FRANCE arrived in Valjevo with the outbreak of the typhus epidemics in the beginning of 1915. Among the French medical staff there was also Dr. Ernest Konsep (1870-1930), infectologist, who was previously a member of the research team led by Professor Charles Nicolle when he identified the way of transmission and the cause of typhus a few years earlier (1909) in North Africa. Many of our doctors did not know about his discoveries, that is, that Pediculus vestimenti carries typhus. It is most likely that it was Dr. Konsep who informed Milan Jovanović Batut, just at the beginning of 1915, about the typhus carrier.

* French Military Medical Mission, under the direction of Colonel Dr Gober, arrived in Niš on 27 March 1915 and were assigned throughout Serbia. In November 1915, the members of French Military Medical Mission retreated with the army and people through Albania and continued their activites on the Salonika frontline. During the 1915 retreat Dr. Konsep had frostbites, lost his toes and rremained disabled for life.


Greece mission

GREECE HAS SENT MEDICAL AID in the form of three missions. Greek doctor who worked in Valjevo was Dr. Kaliades who, according to some sources, at one time, was the head of some auxilliary hospitals ... It is interesting that humanists on the opposite side, secretly organized material aid, such as it was done i in Italy and Romania.


Russian mission

ORGANIZED RUSSIAN CHARITY MISSION that arrived in Valjevo in the autumn, probably in September 1914, consisted of a team of 18 members:

Head Dr. Nikolai Ivanovich Sychev
Medical Assistant: Konstantin Safanov
The attorney Nikolai Lodiženski and his assistant Lukija Aleksij
Ekonom: Vasilije Izvoljski
Sisters of Mercy: Ksenija Smirnova, Anna Gorbacheva, Ludmila Petrova, Alexandra Isidorova, Tamara Petrović Njegoš, Ekaterina Slehova
Official Staff: Aleksije Volkov, Jovan Kolpakov, Jovan Krasiljnikov Nikolai Petrov, Alexije Pučkov, Dmitrije Sorokin, Efrosinija Žukova.

The hospital Equipment of this mission was stored in three wagons. Later it was moved to Kragujevac and Zaječar, of the same contents. In Zaječar Sychev was mentioned as a Russian doctor who diagnosed the first cases of typhus Serbia in late 1914. Surgeon Sychev later continued his engagement on the Salonika frontline, and then worked as head of the military hospital in Cetinje from 1923 to 1938, and obtained many awards for his work.

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