Hall 7 - BOARD 16

FOREIGN MISSIONS

UK mission

Among the first to arrive within the UK mission was Flora Sandes (1876-1956). She registered as a voluntary nurse and by a unit of the first volunteers left the Victoria Station on 12 August 1914 for Serbia with 36 other other nurses. We learn about her stay in Valjevo, in a Grammar school building hospital, beginning with 19 February 1915, from her diary kept until August 1915. Then she retreated to the Salonika frontline. She won many awards and participated in World War II. Among Flora's associates was a thirty-year-old nurse Emily Simmonds (1888-1966).

Those who were particularly respected for their devotion and loyalty to the medical call were The Scottish Women's Hospitals initiated by Dr. Elsie Maud Inglis; units, that is, hospital referred by the Serbian Relief Fund, under the direction of Mrs. Paget (Dame Leila Peget), and hospitals organized by the The Wounded Allies' Relief Committee. In mid-November 1914, Scotish Women's Hospitals London Committee sent the unit in Valjevo under the direction of Dr. Alice Hutchinson who had with experience in the treatment of infectious diseases arrived late May- early June 1915.

The Berry Mission or the Berry Hospital was run by a couple of doctors, its destination was Vrnjačka Banja Spa. It was known for the strict security measures and the fact that in their hospital there was no illness due to the strict control measures and disinfection.

Military medical mission led by Colonel William Hunter was sent to help Serbian government. Beside well-known Lieutenant Colonel Stummers who used a common wine barrel for disinfection and depediculation of clothing and blankets - '' The Serbian barrel '', there were 30 doctors. The peculiarity of Hunter's mission was a breakdown in communication between the frontline and the background as all suspected cases were kept in quarantine. In late June 1915, there were no more new cases of typhus in Serbia.

The Mission of the British magazine Daily Press was founded by Elizabeth and Ana Hristić, wife and daughter of Ljubomir Hristic, the son of former Serbian Prime Minister Nikola Hristic. Elizabeth was a writer and journalist during the Balkan Wars, and a volunteer nurse, while and Ana was a journalist in Daily Press. As early as February, four nurses arrived in Valjevo with Elizabeth and Ana (Magnussen of Christiania in Norway and Helsby, Spooner, and Bunyan of London). They brought supplies for the Medical Corps where they stayed until the 19 of October 1915.

As Canada was part of the British Empire at that time, her help was part of Scottish Women's Hospitals, that is, within the British mission. Among the many trained nurses Bessie Gray Sutherland stood out. She succumbed to typhus.

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