Hall 2 - BOARD 3

CENTRE OF THE DRINA BATTLEFIELD

(August - November 1914)

Мобилизација у Ваљеву

Immediately after the Austrian declaration of war, on 28 July 1914, preparations for war commenced. On 12 August the First Offensive on Serbia started and was successfully stopped by the Serbian Army which won the Battle of Cer. Shortly afterwards, on 6 September, the Second Offensive began, which, after the crucial conflict (the Battle on the Drina, the Battles on the slopes of Gučevo, at Mačkov kamen) turned into an exhausting trench fight. In early November a new, Third Offensive began. This was followed by the retreat of Serbian army and people to Valjevo, and then further to the east. After the consolidation of the frontline in early December, Serbian counter-offensive followed and ended successfully in mid-month when the Austro-Hungarian forces were once again expelled from Serbia.

Since the beginning of the Great War Valjevo was the centre for the reception of the wounded from the Drina battlefields. The pressure on hospital capacity was increased by the Second enemy Offensive. The wounded were pouring in along with civilians refugees. It was estimated that there were over 100,000 people in the city (which had less than 10,000 inhabitants before the war) and its closest surroundings. Apart from the wounded, patients with various diseases were treated in Valjevo Hospitals (dysentery, typhoid, recurrence ...), but the outbreak was not of devastating proportions. During the brief conquest of Valjevo in the Third Offensive (15 November- 9 December), the sick and wounded who could not be evacuated were left in the town's hospitals. During this period, Valjevo became the centre of the Austro-Hungarian Medical Corps. The enemy's field hospitals of the Drina battlefields were stationed there, with about 16,000 wounded and the sick.

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